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Badaling Great Wall of China
Beijing Duck at QuanJuDe - 1
Beijing Duck at QuanJuDe - 2
Beijing Forbidden City - 1
Beijing Forbidden City - 2
Beijing Forbidden City - 3
Beijing Hutong Tour
Beihai Park Tour
Ming Tombs Lunch
Ming Tombs Tour - 1
Ming Tombs Tour - 2
Ming Dynasty Wax Muesum
Summer Palace Beijing - 1
Summer Palace Beijing - 2
Temple of Heaven Tour - 1
Temple of Heaven Tour - 2
Tiananmen Square China

Diecai Hill - Folded Brocade
Elephant Trunk Hill
Fubo Hill Tour
Guilin To Yangshuo Li River Cruise
Guilin Travel & Arrival
Li River Cruise - 1
Li River Cruise - 2
Liu Sa Jie Park
Ocean Aquarium Tour
Reed Flute Cave Tour
Seven Star Park
Solitary Beauty Peak & Princes City
Xiongsen Bear & Tiger Zoo - 1
Xiongsen Bear & Tiger Zoo - 2
Yangshuo Big Banyan Tree
Yangshuo Ju Long Tan Cave

Haikou Evergreen Park
Haikou Hairui Tomb Tour
Haikou One Day Tour
Haikou Wugong Temple
Sanya City Impressions

Dragon Tower Tour
Harbin Ice and Snow Festival
Ice and Snow World
Impressions of Harbin City
Saint Sophia Church
Siberian Tiger Park Tour
Songhuajiang Gondola Ride
Stalin Park & Flood Prevention
Sun Island Snow Sculpture Festival

Banpo Village
Bell Tower Tour
Big Wild Goose Pagoda Tour
Drum Tower Tour
Forest of Stone Steles Museum - 1
Forest of Stone Steles Museum - 2
Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihuang
Shaanxi Province History Museum - 1
Shaanxi Province History Museum - 2
Shaanxi Province History Museum - 3
Small Wild Goose Pagoda
Tang Dynasty Cultural Park - 1
Tang Dynasty Cultural Park - 2
Terra Cotta Warrior & Solder - 1
Terra Cotta Warrior & Solder - 2
Terra Cotta Warrior & Solder - 3
Xian City Wall

Yunnan Dali China
Yunnan LiJiang Old Town
Yunnan Shilin Stone Forest

Suzhou Gardens
Tibet Potala Palace
Tibet Travel in China


Shaanxi Museum of History Tour - II

Shaanxi Museum Tour in Xian, Conintued...

After I finished touring gallery #5, I was inside of gallery #1. Gallery #1 is the largest exhibit hall at the museum, and along with gallery 2 and 3, they display historical items that span the entire Chinese history in chronological order, starting at the prehistoric age of 1.15 million years all the way to the last Qing Dynasty in Chinese history.

At the entrance of the first gallery, it starts off with the earliest prehistoric age - about 1.15 million years ago up to the 21st century BC. Shaanxi province is one of the regions with the earliest human activities. About 1.15 million years ago, Lantian Man lived at the northern foot of Qinling montains in Shaanxi. About 8,000 years ago, chinese ancestors started to settle down and make a living by farming.

In this section, fossils, and various tools made of bones were on display. There was also a recreated model site showing what the Jiangzhai tribe village would have looked like. The Jiangzhai village is located 1km north of Lintong County (close to Xian), and is estimated to have existed about 6,000 years ago. The village covers 33,600 square meters.

skull of dali man
A fossil of the skull of Dali Man found from the Paleolithic age (about 200,000 years ago). This skull was excavated from Duanjiaxiang Dali County.

Zhou Dynasty 21st Century BC up to 770BC

Next section was the Zhou Dynasty. Around 16th century BC, a clan named Ji formed in western Guanzhong. They eventually took over the rule from the Shang Dynasty and established the Western Zhou Dynasty in 1066BC. They made Haojing (southwest of Xian) as their capital, setting the stage for Shaanxi to become the polical, economical, and cultural center of China for the next 2,000 odd years.

weapons at xian museum
Weapons and spearheads found from the Zhou Dynasty

shaanxi museum iron bells
Bells from the Zhou Dynasty. In early period of Zhou Dynasty, a complete set of bells comprised of just 3 bells. Later on, the number increased to more than ten. The above photo is an exhibit of 8 bells, which is one of the larger sets that has been excavated.

Qin Dynasty 770BC - 206BC

The Qin people were one of the clans of Huaxia (the ancient name of China), and they had been active around Qianlong areas. After King Ping of the Zhou dynasty moved east in 770BC, they made Shaanxi province their base and expanded quickly. By 221BC, they (Qin Shihuang) conquered the six other states and established the first unified China. The main cultural relics on display here include the terracotta warriors, horses, and all types of weaponry to demonstrate the military advances of the Qin Dynasty.

I have plenty of photos of terracotta soldiers and warrios posted here if you want to see them. Instead here's some interesting photos of weapons and currency excavated from the Qin Dynasty.

 spears at xian museum
Daggers, swords, and spearheads from the Qin Dynasty.

ancient chinese money and currency
Various coins, and currency that was used during the Qin Dynasty - most of the coins and currency in the photo above are from the period of 475BC to 221BC). The 2 long, knife shaped coins are called "Knife coin" or "Dao Bi".

The Qin Dynasty exhibit area concludes my tour of Gallery #1, and up to the second floor I went to Gallery 2 and 3. Read next part...

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