China Travelogue  |  China City Guides  |  Beijing City  |  Hong Kong   |  Shanghai  |  Xian  China History  |  Home    
Anhui Province  •  Beijing  •  Fujian   •  Gansu   •  Guangdong   •  Guangxi   •  Guizhou   •  Hainan   •  Hongkong   •  Jiangsu  
Shanghai   •  Sichuan   •  Taiwan   •   Xian   •  Yangtze River  

About Beijing China
Beijing China City Guide
Beijing China History
Beijing Duck, Peking Duck
Beijing Hutong Tour
Beijing Imperial Palace & Garden - 1 Beijing Imperial Palace & Garden - 2 Beijing Imperial Palace & Garden - 3 Beijing Ming Tomb Tour
Beijing YongheGong Lamasery
Beijing Zoo
Beijing Happy Valley Theme Park
Beihai Park Travel Guide
China Great Wall
Forbidden City in Beijing
  › Forbidden Palace - Wumen Gate
  › Three Great Halls
  › Nine Dragon Wall
  › Inner Palace of Forbidden City
Great Wall of China
  › Badaling Great Wall & Mutianyu
  › China Great Wall Tour
  › Juyongguan Great Wall & Simatai
Old Summer Palace (Yuanmingyuan)
Peking Man at Zhoukoudian
Peking Opera (Beijing Opera)
Summer Palace - 1
Summer Palace - 2
Temple of Heaven - 1
Temple of Heaven - 2
Tiananmen Square - 1
Tiananmem Square Attractions - 2
Things to do in Beijing

Hong Kong City Guide
Hong Kong History
Hong Kong Attractions
Hong Kong Disneyland
Hong Kong Districts
Hong Kong Lantau Island
Hong Kong Racing Museum
Hong Kong Science Museum
Hong Kong Space Museum
Hong Kong Discount Hotels
Ngong Ping 360 Cable Car Tour
Ocean Park Hong Kong
Prepare for Travel to Hongkong
Ride on the Hong Kong Star Ferry
So Much to See at Ocean Park
The Sights of Hong Kong
Things to do in Hong Kong
Things to See at Repulse Bay
Top Budget Hotels in Hong Kong
Trip to Hong Kong Museum of History
Victoria Peak
Visit Hong Kong Maritime Museum
Visit Hong Kong Victoria Peak
Wong Tai Sin Temple

About Shanghai China
Shanghai China city Guide
Shanghai History
Jade Buddha Temple
Oriental Pearl TV Tower
Much to do at Oriental Pearl Tower
Shanghai Bund & Huangpu River
Shanghai Museum
Shanghai Shopping and Food
Shanghai Jin Jiang Amusement Park
Shanghai Visitors Guide
4 Must See Places in Shanghai
A Day at Shanghai Ocean Aquarium
Daytrip at Shanghai Animal Park
Staying in Shanghai Hotels

About Xian City (Xian City Guide)
Amazing Xian Terracotta Museum
Banpo Village Museum
Huaqing Hot Springs
Mausoleum of Qin Shihuang
Maoling Mausoleum
Qianling Tomb of Xian
Qianling Tomb - Princess Yongtai
TerraCotta Army Discovery
Terra Cotta Archer & Chariot
TerraCotta Warriors - History
Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang
Tour of Terra Cotta Museum
Xian City Wall

Travel China & China Tour
About China
China Tourism
Chinese Food & Cuisine - 1
Chinese Food & Cuisine - 2
My Impressions of China


Beijing Imperial Palaces and Gardens - 2

Forbidden City Wumen Gate

The Wumen (Meridian Gate) is the south entrance to the Forbidden Palace. It was first built in 1420, during the 18th year of emperor Yongle's reign. There are 5 towers surrounding Wumen known as the Wufenglou, or the "Five Phoenix Towers". During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, grand ceremonies such as dispatching generals to war, celebrating victories, and announcing the new calendar year takes place here.

The Wumen has 5 openings - 3 on its facades, and 2 on the sides. There were specific rules for using these entrances during ancient times. The central opening was the emperor's exclusive privilege. his empress was allowed to go through the central entrance once on her wedding day, and the 3 finalists of the imperial examinations were also permitted to enter through this entrance. High ranking officials entered through the east side entrance, and princes and royal family entered the west entrance. Civil officials used the far east side gate, and military officials used the far west side gate.

Forbidden City Inner Court

The core structure of the Inner Court is the Qianqinggong. This building is build just like Taihedian, but it is a smaller version, and deemed inferior to the Taihedian. Everything in Qianqinggong is smaller than Taihedian. It stands 20 meters tall, and was built on a white marble terrace. This was the hall where all of the Ming Dynasty Emperors and two of the Qing Dynasty emperors lived and handled daily affairs.

Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty was the first emperor to move his living quarters to Yangxindian (Hall of Mental Cultivation), and Qianqinggong was then used as an audience chamber where ceremonies were held. Foreign ambassadors were received here, and imperial banquets were also held here on special occasions such as Chinese new year, lantern festival, dragon boat festival, and the emperor's birthday. When an emperor passed away, his coffin was placed here for several days for memorial ceremonies.

In the center of Qianqinggong is the imperial throne and table covered with gold and inlaid with red and green gems. Over the throne hangs a large plaque engraved with 4 chinese characters written by Emperor Shunzhi. Since the reign of Emperor Yonzheng, the name of each crown prince was placed in a box placed behind the plaque. The emperor wrote the name of his successor on two duplicate documents. A copy was placed in a box, and placed behind the plaque, and another copy was held by the emperor. After the passing the the emperor, the box was opened and the name on both pieces of documents must match for the next emperor to be crowned.

The Jiaotaidian sits between the Qianqinggong and Kunninggong. In the center of this hall is the throne of the empress. This is the place where the empress received formal greetings from the other concubines, princesses. Kunninggong is the last major palace of the Inner Court. It is the only example of Manchurian architecture in the forbidden city, and was the residential palace of the empress during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

The Forbidden City Imperial Garden

Located northernmost of the Forbidden Palace is the Imperial Garden. It is 130 meters long and 90 meters wide. The Qin'andian (Hall of Imperial Peace) is the central building of the Imperial Garden. In front of this Hall is a 400 year old pine tree known as the Consort Pine, and it is a symbol of the harmony between the emperor and the empress.

imperial garden duixiushan

Beijing Imperial Palace - 1
Beijing Imperial Palace - 2
Beijing Imperial Palace - 3

Related Forbidden City Travel Guides:

>> Click here to discover how to get dirt cheap airfare tickets

Beijing ChinaChina Travel Hong Kong ShanghaiSichuan Xian China Travelogue Chinese Cooking Contact Privacy